The effects of carbohydrate intake on body composition and muscular strength in trained men undergoing a progressive resistance training
International Journal of Exercise Science 16(2): 267-280, 2023. This study's purpose was to compare the effects of different carbohydrate (CHO) intakes on body composition and muscular strength following eight weeks of resistance training (RT) in pre-conditioned men. In addition, we explored the individual responses to different CHO intakes. Twenty-nine young men volunteered to participate in this study. The participants were divided into two groups according to their relative CHO intake: lower (L-CHO; n = 14) and higher (H-CHO; n = 15). Participants performed a RT program four days a week for eight weeks. The lean soft tissue (LST) and fat mass were determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Muscular strength was determined by a one-repetition maximum (1RM) test in the bench press, squat, and arm curl exercises. Both groups increased LST (P < 0.05) with no statistical differences between conditions (L-CHO = +0.8% vs. H-CHO = +3.5%). Neither group demonstrated changes in fat mass. Both groups increased 1RM (P < 0.05) in the bench press (L-CHO = +3.6% vs. H-CHO = +5.8%) and squat (L-CHO = +7.5% vs. H-CHO = +9.4%); however, only H-CHO significantly increased arm curl 1RM (P < 0.05) at post-training (L-CHO = +3.0% vs. H-CHO = +6.6%). Responsiveness was greater in H-CHO vs. L-CHO for LST and arm curl 1RM. In conclusion, lower and higher CHO intakes promote similar increase in LST and muscular strength; however, a greater intake may improve the responsiveness to gains in lean mass and arm curl strength in pre-conditioned men.
Ribeiro, Alex Silva; Quintilhano, Kamila; Kassiano, Witalo; Nunes, João Pedro; Avelar, Ademar; Trindade, Michele C.; Aguiar, Andreo; Schoenfeld, Brad; and CYRINO, EDILSON Serpeloni
"The effects of carbohydrate intake on body composition and muscular strength in trained men undergoing a progressive resistance training,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 16
2, Pages 267 - 280.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol16/iss2/4