International Journal of Exercise Science 16(3): 791-813, 2023. With rates of obesity and dyslipidemia rising among young adults, this meta-analysis aimed to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) versus moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) and sedentary controls (CON) on low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC) in nondiabetic overweight and obese young adults to determine if HIIT or MICT is more efficacious in improving dyslipidemia. Studies included in the analysis had to be randomized controlled trials or quasi-experimental studies, comparing the effects of HIIT versus MICT or CON on at least three variables of interest: LDL, HDL, TG, and TC, in nondiabetic adults, with body mass indexes (BMIs) above 25, and average ages between 18-30. The quality of the studies was evaluated using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale. Eight studies fulfilled the selection criteria, with a mean PEDro quality score of 5.8. Compared to CON, HIIT significantly decreased the concentrations of LDL (-12.14 mg/dL, p = < 0.00001) and TC (-9.27 mg/dL, p = 0.003), without significantly affecting HDL or TG. Compared to MICT, HIIT significantly decreased the concentrations of LDL (-6.23 mg/dL, p = 0.05) and TC (-7.85 mg/dL, p = 0.02), without significantly affecting HDL or TG concentrations. HIIT is superior to MICT and CON in improving the concentrations of LDL and TC in our target population. As early management of dyslipidemia improves long-term health, we recommend clinicians consider HIIT training protocols for their nondiabetic overweight and obese young adult patients.
McCormick, Christian P.; Mamikunian, Garrett; and Thorp, David B.
"The Effects of HIIT Versus MICT and Sedentary Controls on Blood Lipid Concentrations in Nondiabetic Overweight and Obese Young Adults: A Meta-analysis.,"
International Journal of Exercise Science: Vol. 16
3, Pages 791 - 813.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/ijes/vol16/iss3/8