Other Subject Area

Resistance Training


International Journal of Exercise Science 16(6): 538-549, 2023. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate acute dose response of different intensities with total volume equalized during the abdominal crunch exercise on muscle thickness, echo-intensity, peak force, time under tension, total load lifted, and perception of effort in recreationally-trained participants. Fifteen resistance-trained participants (23 ± 3 years) performed the abdominal crunch exercise in one of two different resistance training (RT) protocols in a randomized order: RT4x10RM (4 sets of 10RM / 1-min rest) or RT1x40RM (1 set of 40RM). Muscle thickness (MT), echo- intensity (EI), peak force (PF), time under tension (TUT), total load lifted (TLL), and session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) were measured pre-test and post-test (0-min and 15-min). Two-way repeated-measures ANOVAs (2 x 3) were used to test differences between RT protocols (RT4x10RM and RT1x40RM) and time (pre-test, post-0, and post-15) for MT, EI, and PF. Paired t-test was used to compare RT protocols for sRPE, TLL, and TUT. For MT, there were significant differences for RT4x10RM between pre- x post-0 (p = 0.011), pre- x post-15 (p < 0.001), and post-0 x post-15 (p = 0.02); and for RT1x40RM between pre- x post-0 (p < 0.001) and pre- x post-15 (p = 0.003). For EI, there was a significant difference for RT4x10RM between pre- x post-0 (p = 0.002). For sRPE, there was no significant difference between RT protocols. For TLL and TUT, there were significant differences between RT protocols (p < 0.05). In conclusion, both RT protocols (RT4x10RM and RT1x40RM) induced similar increases in MT but not for EI. TLL and TUT were higher for RT4x10RM. PF and sRPE were similar between RT protocols.