The main goal of this survey is to identify as many U.S. Stormwater Utilities (SWUs) as possible. Because many stormwater professionals do not have the time to respond to questionnaires, our primary method of identification was Internet searches. We searched on key terms such as “stormwater utility”, “stormwater fee”, and “drainage fee”. We scoured on-line municipal codes such as Municode, AmLegal, Sterling, LexisNexis, and others. We searched through many city web sites trying to find utilities. We have also had many people contact me to update fees and identify new utilities. However, the data primarily comes from Internet sources and is prone to errors. Some community websites are not very clear on whether the fee given is monthly, bi-monthly, quarterly, or annually. In cases like that we made the best guess we could. We hope the readers of this document will continue to help us correct mistakes. However, it is difficult to keep up with fee changes in more than 1800 utilities, so if you discover errors in our data please contact me at


Civil and Environmental Engineering