Publication Date

Spring 2018

Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Dr. D. W. Slocum (Director), Dr. Kevin Williams, Dr. Rui Zhang

Degree Program

Department of Chemistry

Degree Type

Master of Science


Bromoarenes are important aromatic building blocks that are commonly used to synthesize various functional compounds in pharmaceutical, agrochemical and related industries.1,2 This great demand for bromoarenes makes their preparation a widely studied area of synthetic organic chemistry. However, further understanding of the reactivity and regiochemistry of aromatic functionalization reactions is still necessary, as much about the secondary substitution and solvent effects remain unknown.

Resonance Theory is a widely used theoretical model to predict the regiospecifity and reactivity of the bromination of various aromatic compounds.3 The reactivity and regiospecificity of many substituted aromatic compounds is well explained using resonance theory.4 However, kinetic understanding of the p-bromination of halosubstituted aromatic compounds has not been investigated to the best of our knowledge.5,6In this thesis, the reactivity and regiospecifity of the p-bromination of activated secondary substituted aromatic compounds as well as media effects on the process will be discussed.

Synthesizing bromoarenes has been accomplished using many different experimental setups.7-11 N-bromosuccinimide is the most highly utilized electrophilic aromatic brominating agent. Many of the NBS- based aromatic bromination reactions have been reported using strong acids, strong bases, halogenated solvents, nonpolar solvents and polar solvents alike.12 The bromination reactions reported herein were performed using two different solvents, acetonitrile and acetone, to investigate the effects of solvent polarity on p-bromination. Although acetonitrile is one of the most commonly used solvents in the p-bromination of aromatic compounds, acetone has not been investigated.


Organic Chemistry | Other Chemistry | Physical Chemistry