Department of Chemistry
Master of Science
Directed ortho-metalation (DoM) is a very useful alternative to electrophillic aromatic substitution (EAS) for the synthesis of substituted aromatic compounds. DoM is highly regiospecific providing metalation chiefly in the ortho-position. However, lateral (a-) metalation of an alkyl side-chain and ortho-metalation of a second ortho-position can compete. Investigation of the three methylanisoles was therefore undertaken to determine the interplay between these factors and to discover metalation conditions to achieve selectivity. This goal was uniquely achieved for p-methylanisole where conditions were discovered which allowed > 85% ortho-metalation as determined by GC analysis with virturally no competing lateral metalation. Three derivitives of this ortho-lithio intermediate were prepared, each in > 75% yield. Metalation conditions were found that permitted significant descrimination between 2- and 6- position metalation of m-methylanisole. Metalation conditions were also found that permitted regiospecific a-metalation of o-methylanisole.
Friesen, Carl, "Directed Ortho-Metalation of the Three Methyl Anisoles in Various Media" (1996). Masters Theses & Specialist Projects. Paper 870.