Presented at the Association for Applied Sport Psychology Conference, Louisville, Kentucky,November 2007, with theme "Cause and Affect: Correlates and Emotional States Involved in Sport Fandom." Other presentations included with that of the authors posted by permission.


The authors investigated the use of proactive pessimism among college basketball fans. Rather than assess evaluations of an upcoming season as with previous work on proactive pessimism among fans, Grieve and Wann examined evaluations of a specific game.


American Popular Culture | Other Psychology | Sports Studies