High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Studies of the Reaction of Platinum Complexes with Peptides
Platinum complexes (cisplatin, carboplatin and oxaliplatin) are effective anticancer agents. However the major drawbacks of platinum chemotherapy are toxic side effects and resistance. The affinity of platinum complexes to sulfur donor ligands of side chains of methionine and cysteine amino acids was assumed to be responsible for toxicity and resistance. Recently, it was found that the reaction of platinum complex with proteins containing sulfur donor ligands could actually favor its anticancer activity. Copper transporter 1 (Ctr 1), a protein involved in the transport of copper into the cell, also helps in the influx of cisplatin by binding to N-terminal domain of Ctr 1 which is rich in methionine and histidine residues. A better understanding of how the size and shape of amine ligand, and leaving groups affect the reaction of platinum (II) complexes with methionine could give new ways to optimize its anticancer activity. This preliminary research focuses to answer this by HPLC-UV-VIS analysis of bulky platinum complexes including [Pt(dien)Cl]Cl, Pt(Me4en)(N03)2 and Pt(en)(N03)2 with two methionine containing small peptides that serve as models for protein interactions.