Submitted by Jill D. Onedera.The final, definitive version of this paper has been published in The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families, vol. 14, no.4 (Oct. 2006): 441-448 by SAGE Publications Ltd./SAGE Publications, Inc., All rights reserved. c2006 Sage Publications. DOI:10.1177/1066480706290963. Available at


This article presents the integrative multi-level family therapy of Jay Lebow, focusing on his work in resolving disputes involving child custody and visitation. The interview addresses interventions in high conflict divorces, assessment issues, and symmetrical escalation. A case study is offered.


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