Publication Date

Spring 2020

Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Carl Myers (Director), Sharon Blevins, Gregory Griffith-Ellis, Adam Lockwood

Degree Program

Doctor of Psychology in Applied Psychology

Degree Type

Doctor of Psychology


Students need appropriate executive functioning (EF) skills to improve their academic achievement. The Homework, Organization, and Planning Skills (HOPS) Interventions were implemented for 16 sessions with three elementary students with ADHD and executive functioning (EF) deficits. The study aimed to improve the homework, organization, and time management skills of each participant. The interventions were expected to decrease both EF deficits and teacher reports of homework behavior difficulties. This study used a multiple baseline across participants single subject research design with interventions implemented concurrently. A behavior rating scale provided pre and post-intervention data on the participants’ EF deficits. Classroom teachers also provided weekly feedback on the participants’ homework behaviors. Parent, teacher, and student self-report feedback indicated inconsistent results. Limitations for implementing HOPS at the elementary school level include a lack of relevance for younger students and a small sample size. Although the HOPS interventions were used successfully in other research studies, the present study does not indicate favorable results for participants in the fifth grade.


Child Psychology | Developmental Psychology | Educational Psychology | Psychology | School Psychology