Wallace considered this essay on human social evolution “the most important contribution I have made to the science of sociology and the cause of human progress” (My Life, 1905, Volume 2, page 209). It was first published in Volume 48 (new series) of the Fortnightly Review in September 1890. Original pagination indicated within double brackets. See more information on Wallace at The Alfred Russel Wallace Page, at:
Copyright 2010 by Charles H. Smith. All rights reserved. This transcription, in whole or in part, may not be reposted or otherwise reproduced for publication without the written consent of Charles H. Smith.


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