The fall of the Byzantine Fortress of Babylon in 641ce allowed invading Arab armies to move beyond the Lower Nile region of Egypt and ultimately conquer the whole of the province from the Byzantines, effectively ending centuries of almost totally uninterrupted Roman rule. The paper examines this pivotal moment in Islamic history in order to identify four salient features of early Islamic expansion: the struggle of the early caliphate for power and authority; the role of religion; the development of an organized and effective military; the nature of early Islamic approaches to warfare and foreign policy.
Advisor(s) or Committee Chair
Dr. Robert Dietle
Arts and Humanities
Love Jr., Paul Mitchell, "Arab Siege of Egyptian Babylon : a Classic Study in Islamic Expansion of the 7th Century" (2007). Mahurin Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects. Paper 174.