Mahurin Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects


Geography and Geology

Document Type



The Ruby Range in southwestern Montana was tectonically uplifted during the mountain-building event of the Big Sky orogeny. Contained within the Christensen Ranch Formation, made up of sedimentary units metamorphosed during the Big Sky orogeny, are a small number of metamorphosed banded iron formations (BIFs). It is the presence and composition of these BIFs which is the focus of this research, principally their depositional origin, relationship to surrounding sedimentary packages, elemental and mineral compositions, and lastly, peak metamorphic conditions. Samples were collected, cut into thin sections, and powdered for textural and compositional analyses employing polarized light microscopy, Raman microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and electron microprobe analyses. Mineral phase assemblages and compositional data suggest differences in protoliths between Stone Creek and Iron mine metamorphosed BIFs in addition to greater activity of fluid phases during the metamorphism of Iron Mine formations.

Advisor(s) or Committee Chair

Dr. Andrew Wulff


Earth Sciences | Geology

Included in

Geology Commons