Publication Date


Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Douglas C. Smith (Director), Holli Drummond, Stephen Miller

Degree Program

Department of Sociology

Degree Type

Master of Arts


This research examines two possible influences of student achievement at the middle school level: school culture and parental involvement. The study investigates Kentucky Scholastic Audits of 90 middle schools from 2001 through 2005. The purpose of the study is to identify whether school culture and parental involvement affect student performance. The results of this study suggest that demographic variables account for most of the variance in the Academic Index. Controlling for demographics, parental involvement does not affect the school Academic Index, while school culture does add significantly to the variance explained.


Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Educational Sociology | Sociology