Publication Date

Spring 2016

Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Amber N. Schroeder (Director), Elizabeth L. Shoenfelt, and Reagan D. Brown

Degree Program

Department of Psychological Sciences

Degree Type

Master of Science


Health and wellness programs are being utilized by organizations at growing rates. Research on health and wellness programs is typically confined to the program of a single organization and the employees participating in that specific program. Typically, this research examines the outcomes of health and wellness programs in organizations, such as return on investment in terms of medical costs, as well as improvements in the health of the employees. However, little information is known about those who choose to participate in health and wellness programs and the characteristics that may influence their participation.

This study examined the relationship between demographic characteristics and likelihood of participation in health and wellness programs, as well as the relationship between program characteristics and likelihood of participation. Differences in likelihood of participation were found between different program types. Women were found to be more likely to participate than men, in most cases. Likelihood of participation increased as the incentive amount increased and decreased if the program incentive had a loss frame. Likelihood of participation was also higher for participation-based incentives compared to outcome-based incentives.


Health Psychology | Industrial and Organizational Psychology