Publication Date


Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Dwight Cline, Michael Richardson, Charles Eison

Degree Program

Educational Leadership

Degree Type

Master of Arts


The purpose of the study was to compare the frequencies of a selected set of teaching behaviors of trained and untrained teachers in elementary schools in St. Lucia. The dependent variables in the study were the frequencies of Structuring, Questioning, Feedback and Praise behaviors. The independent variables were training, grades awarded at teaching practice, and subject areas.

Records of the lessons were obtained through the use of audiotapes. The behaviors were coded using a low inference observation schedule. The data were analyzed using means and standard deviations. The significance and inferential statistic applied was the chi-square.

Significant differences were found to exist in the frequencies of Questioning, Feedback and Praise behaviors of trained and untrained teachers. Significant variations were found in the Questioning and Feedback behaviors according to the grades awarded at teaching practice. There were significant variations in the frequencies of all classes of behaviors across subject areas.


Communication | Education | Elementary Education and Teaching | Higher Education and Teaching | Junior High, Intermediate, Middle School Education and Teaching | Psychology | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Teacher Education and Professional Development