Publication Date


Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

Mark Lowery II, Wayne Hoffman, Stephen Lile

Degree Type

Master of Public Service


The architectural and spatial design and two public housing projects, Brownsville and Van Dyke, located in the Brownsville section of Brooklyn, New York, were tested to determine their effects upon the crime rates and mental illness. While keeping the socio-economic factors under limited control, a data comparison approach was used to illuminate any difference in the crime and mental illness rates between the two projects. A significant difference in the crime rates was noticed between them with the Van Dyke Houses having a higher crime rate. Since Van Dyke also had a significantly higher percentage of mental illness than compared to Brownsville Houses, a correlation between the sense of residential security and mental health was drawn. In conclusion, the architectural and spatial design was found to be an important influence in crime deterrence in public housing as well as the cultivation of mental health of the project's occupants.


Architecture | Public Administration | Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Urban, Community and Regional Planning