Publication Date


Advisor(s) - Committee Chair

V.J. Christenson, David Shannon, B.W. Broach

Degree Program

Department of Educational Administration, Leadership and Research

Degree Type

Education Specialist


Two groups of Title I Math teachers, one representing school systems which reported second and third grade student achievement gains of one year or more on the Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills for 1978-79, and one group which reported gains of less than eight months, were surveyed in an effort to identify which methods of presentation and types of materials apparently contributed to the most successful Title I Math programs, in terms of student achievement gains.

A study of survey results indicated that a Title I Math pull-out program served by a teacher in groups of less than ten students was the most common method of presentation in both survey groups. Results suggested that small-group settings, contact with a teacher and an aide in a pull-out situation, and a low student-teacher ratio were among the factors which influenced the achievement of Title I Math students.

In regard to program planning. school systems which reported higher CTBS test scores achieved a more even balance of time spent between teaching from commercial materials/programs and teaching from teacher-made units or packets of work. with a limited amount of time utilized for games and other approaches; school systems which reported lower test scores devoted over half their teaching time to the use of teacher-made materials. Teachers from both groups indicated that their students, who represented several age groups from more than one grade level, necessitated a wide range of Math materials; because of the ages and individual differences in students, no one program or approach to teaching Title I Math was preferred or felt to be more effective than any other.

An approach to teaching Title I Math suggested paying heed to the abilities and needs of the students, utilizing resources from a variety of commercial materials, permitting the teacher flexibility in developing work packets as needed, and infusing any other methods in planning a Title I Math curriculum.


Curriculum and Social Inquiry | Education | Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research | Educational Methods | Science and Mathematics Education