Publication Date


Degree Program

Department of Psychology

Degree Type

Master of Arts


Distributive justice outcomes of punishment in an intercollegiate team sport setting were investigated. Male intercollegiate athletes (#=148) participating in the NAIA National Soccer Championship Tournament responded to one of eight scenarios and reported perceived fairness to player, fairness to teammates, deterrence to future player misconduct, and deterrence to future teammate misconduct. The results indicated that athletes perceive consistent distribution of punishment as more fair than conditional distribution of punishment; consistently distributed punishment is perceived to be more likely to deter future misconduct than conditional punishment; punishment, in general, is perceived as more fair when the violation committed is severe as opposed to moderately severe; severe punishment is perceived to deter future misconduct more often than moderately severe punishment when the violation is severe; and severe and moderate punishment are equally likely to deter future misconduct when the violation is moderately severe.


Psychology | Sports Sciences