Publication Date


Degree Program

Department of Psychology

Degree Type

Master of Science


Forty-six older adults participated in a study to examine the hypothesis that there is a significant association between stereotypes of age-related memory decline and memory self-efficacy beliefs. It was also hypothesized that this relationship affects performance on measures of memory performance. A measure of age stereotype vulnerability was assessed along with two measures of memory self-efficacy, four measures of implicit, explicit, and working memory, and two measures of implicit and explicit sequential learning. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the relationships among stereotypes of age, memory self-efficacy, and subsequent performance on various tasks of memory and learning. Emphasis was placed on the memory self-efficacy construct as a moderating variable and its utility in examining cognitive behavior in adults. The model hypothesized for this research was not supported.


Cognition and Perception | Psychology